Kinesic

Categories: Nonverbal Categories

Kinesic is the study of nonlinguistic bodily movements, such as gestures, facial expressions, movement of feet, legs, shoulder , stance, winking, head nodding and so on.
The more studied part of kinesic is gestures made through arms and hands.
Gestures seem endless across cultures. Often, body movements that are clearly understandable in one culture make no sense in another. Yet often enough, frequently used kinesic movements in one culture may be highly offensive in another culture…
Paul Ekman and Erik Friesen (1969) identified five types of gesture:
Emblems: direct replacements for words.
Illustrators: Shaping what is being said.
Affect displays: shows of emotion; as, for exaple, smile or grimace.
Regulators: for controlling the flow of conversation.
Adaptors: Self-oriented tension relievers and other forms.

Author: Jay A. Seitz
Source: review; Psychology Today, Mar/Apr 93
Title: I move…therefore I am

Authors: Steven G. Matthews
Source: Paper
presented at Theoretical Archaeology Group conference, University of Glasgow, Scotland, 17th – 19th December 2004.
Title: The Instantiated Identity:
Critical Approaches to Studying Gesture and Material Culture
 PDF

Authors: Chassel J, Stone
Source: review; Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 1999, 3:11:419-429
Title: Living hand to mouth

Author: Daniel Chandler
Source: MCS – web page
Title: Categorizing Facial expression in “Notes on the Gaze”

Authors: Hassin R, Trope Y
Source: review: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2000 May; 78(5):837-52 (abstract)
Title: Facing faces: studies on the cognitive aspects of physiognomy

Author: Frank MG, Ekman P, Friesen WV
Source: review: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1993 Jan; 64(1):83-93 (abstract)
Title: Behavioral markers and recognizability of the smile of enjoyment

Authors: Ekman P, Davidson RJ, Friesen WV
Source: review; Journal of Personality and Social Psychology,1990 Feb; 58(2):342-53 (abstract)
Title: The Duchenne smile: emotional expression and brain physiology. II.

Authors: Kring AM, Gordon AH
Source: review; Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1998 Mar; 74(3):686-703 (abstract)
Title:Sex differences in emotion: expression, experience, and physiology

Authors: Snodgrass SE, Hecht MA, Ploutz-Snyder R
Source: review; Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1998 Jan; 74(1):238-49 (abstract)
Title:Interpersonal sensitivity: expressivity or perceptivity?

Authors: Galati D, Scherer KR, Ricci-Bitti PE
Source: review; Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1997 Dec; 73(6):1363-79 (abstract)
Title:Voluntary facial expression of emotion: comparing congenitally blind with normally sighted encoders

Authors: Shackelford TK, Larsen RJ
Source: review: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1997 Feb; 72(2):456-66 (abstract)
Title:Facial asymmetry as an indicator of psychological, emotional, and physiological distress

Authors: Gross JJ, John OP
Source: review; Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1997 Feb; 72(2):435-48 (abstract)
Title: Revealing feelings: facets of emotional expressivity in self-reports, peer ratings, and behavior

Authors: Forster J, Strack F
Source: review; Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1996 Sep; 71(3):421-30
Title: Influence of overt head movements on memory for valenced words: a case of conceptual-motor compatibility

Authors: Altorfer A, Jossen S, Käsermann ML, Foppa N, Zimmermann H
Source: Poster
presented at Measuring Behavior ’98, 2nd International Conference on Methods and Techniques in Behavioral Research, 18-21 August 1998, Groningen, The Netherlands.
Title: Measurement and analysis of head movement behavior during conversation

Authors: Carroll JM, Russell JA
Source; review: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1996 Feb; 70(2):205-18 (abstract)
Title: Do facial expressions signal specific emotions? Judging emotion from the face in context

Authors: Rozin P, Lowery L, Ebert R
Review: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1994 May; 66(5):870-81 (abstract)
Title: Varieties of disgust faces and the structure of disgust

Authors: Frank MG, Ekman P, Friesen WV
Source: review; Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1993 Jan; 64(1):83-93
Title: Behavioral markers and recognizability of the smile of enjoyment

Authors: Bond CF Jr, Omar A, Pitre U, Lashley BR, Skaggs LM, Kirk CT
Source: review; Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1992 Dec; 63(6):969-77 (abstract)
Title: Fishy-looking liars: deception judgment from expectancy violation

Authors: Friedman HS, Miller-Herringer T
Review: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1991 Nov; 61(5):766-75 (abstract)
Title: Nonverbal display of emotion in public and in private: self-monitoring, personality, and expressive cues

Authors:Krauss RM, Morrel-Samuels P, Colasante C
Review: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1991 Nov; 61(5):743-54 (abstract)
Title: Do conversational hand gestures communicate?

Authors: Robert Krauss and Others
Source: Web Pages – Collections of Articles and Abstracts 
Title: Pub. from the Human Comm. Lab on Gestures and Language and other Topics

. Authors: Cacioppo JT, Uchino BN, Crites SL, Snydersmith MA, Smith G, Berntson GG, Lang PJ
Review: Journal of Personality and Social Psycholology, 1992, Jan; 62(1):110-28
Title: Relationship between facial expressiveness and sympathetic activation in emotion: a critical review, with emphasis on modeling underlying mechanisms and individual differences

Author: Berry DS
Review: Journal of Personality and Social Psycholology, 1990 Jun; 58 (6):1004-14
Title: What can a moving face tell us? 

Authors: Floyd H. Allport & Gordon W. Allport 
Review: Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 16, 6-40
Title: Personality traits: their classificationand measurement

Authors: Unspecified 
Source: web pages
Title: Sign Language Among North American Indians  New Link

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